Blue Ocean Co.,Ltd.

Shipping & marine services

 

Information

Bandar Bushehr IRAN

Geographical Position of the Port

The port of Bushehr is located in 28,58 N and 50, 50 E in the north end of a peninsula on the coast of the Persian Gulf. This peninsula is 14 Km long. The depth of water is near to 7m in the external anchorage leading to internal anchorage by the external channel 9200m in length and from the internal anchorage to Khor Soltani, Bushehr berth and then to Khor Booder by the internal channel 3900m in length. The channel is 140m in average width.

Climate in Bushehr Port

Bushehr port has got a semi-tropical climate with very hot and humid Summer and temperate Winter. The seasonal South Western winds blow on Bushehr sea from the beginning of June to the end of October but they rarely reach the harbor. The seasonal North Eastern winds blow on Bushehr sea and sometimes very strongly on the land from the end of December to the beginning of May.
The power of North Wind usually reaches to 6 in Beaufort scale, but it may rarely border on 8.
The average power of Wind in Winter is 4 in Beaufort scale
The temperature range during summer is +35 to +40 degrees centigrade, whereas it mat border on +2 degrees centigrade in Winter.
The humidity range during Winter is %40 to %80 and %30 to %99 in Summer.

TIDAL RANGE
The ebb and tide in Bushehr port is diurnal. The tidal range differs from 1 m to 1.6 m.
The highest tide may reach to 2 m and the lowest ebb may border on .7 m. The speed of water current in the internal channel and Khore Soltani may reach to 2-3 knots in ebb and flow conditions
The maximum height of the wave in the external anchorage is almost 1.5 m and .6 in the internal anchorage.

Services

  1. ROAD SERVICES

    The port of Bushehr is connected to neighboring cities via 4 important routes:

    - Bushehr – Khormooj – Kangan – Lengeh – Bandar Abbas extended 920 Km in length.
    - Bushehr – Borazjan – Shiraz extended 290 Km in length.
    - Bushehr – Borazjan – Yasooj – Isfahan.
    - Bushehr – Genaveh – Deylam – Mahshahr – Abadan extended 690 Km in length.

    It is worth mentioning that Bushehr – Borazjan route is a highway .

    AIRPORT

    The port of Bushehr is one of the most accessible ports of the country to airport with only 5 Km distance. The international airport of Bushehr is provided with domestic flights to Tehran, Isfahan, Shiraz, Mashad, Kish, Kharg and international flights to Dubi and Jaddeh.

    3. SHIP BUILDING FACTORIES

    These factories, located near the port, are capable of repairing vessels of any kind up to 2500 tons onshore and building offshore constructs. Iran -Sadra Company has up to now built some huge oil platforms belonged to Southern Pars Area.

 

Special features

  • Closest southern port to the Persian Gulf states (Qatar, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia)
  • Possibility of using 35-hectare land of Negin Island (expandable to 70 hectares) in order to invest in this island by benefiting from the advantages of special zones and private road access
  • Closest southern port to the capital city after Imam Khomeini Port
  • An international airport with 3 km distance from the port
  • Proximity to the quarries and building materials factories such as cement and plaster
  • The shortest distance to the production and consumption centers of Fars, Isfahan and Kohgiluyeh and Boyer Ahmad provinces

Declaration of arrival and docking

The arrival declaration form contains information about the ship and its cargo for entry to the port.

Approximately a week before the arrival of the ship in the harbor or upon departure of the ship from the port of origin at distances less than one week, the shipping representative must introduce himself as the representative and assume all responsibilities, and also fill in the said form and submit it to the Bureau of Maritime Affairs (Control Secretariat) via fax or email.

Control Secretariat fax number: 31666458 (phone number for follow-up and receiving confirmation: 31666448)

Maritime Affairs email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.%20">This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

In addition, the shipping representative is required to provide all details of the ship, goods, legal, technical and insurance certificates to offshore services.

After confirming the vessel arrival declaration form by the Control Secretariat, the form is recorded in the comprehensive marine system and sent to the relevant units by the Control Secretariat.

If the shipping representative asks for permission to enter ships with technical defects or without navigation competence, then the Maritime Affairs must guide ships into the port after approval of the ships control and inspection unit.

If the ships control and inspection unit does not confirm the vessel arrival, the shipping representative shall take the necessary action to eliminate defects before entering the port and then submit a written request for the vessel inspection.

The vessel arrival operations in the comprehensive marine system are confirmed by the port financial units, the port control and inspection, the port affairs and the security officer, and finally the confirmation is sent to the Maritime Affairs (marine services).

Good operating conditions for docking is determined by the expert responsible for marine operations, and preparation for loading and unloading of cargos including equipment, yard, warehouse, etc. is determined by the dock operations office, head of marine unit/Maritime Affairs expert. According to the ship specifications (length, width and draft) and the type of goods, they specify the appropriate dock and declare it to the port control.

The port control must make arrangements with the expert responsible for marine operations to send pilot, tug, pilot boat, mooring boat and sailors and dock the vessel.

The shipping company representative is determined for the following purposes:

  1. Payment of duties and port costs relating to the ship
  2. Providing services to the ship and crew
  3. Assuming responsibility for possible damages from the ship to facilities, equipment                          and marine environment 

Fueling

Fueling services to metal and wooden vessels:

The launch owner’s cooperative, shipping representative, contractors of service, search and rescue vessels, etc. send their fuel request through the Tejarat Asan system (www.tejaratasan.ir) along with the vessel documents to the marine services unit.

Documents required for the introduction and submitting the fuel request to the National Iran Oil Productions Distribution Company (NIOPDC):

  1. Vessel registration certificate
  2. Safety certificate
  3. Vessel traffic manual
  4. Vessel unloading or loading manifesto
  5. Vessel shifting permission letter

The copy of all documents mentioned must be scanned in the Asan Tejarat system, related to the NIOPDC, and the registered request number must be declared to the marine services unit to review the documents.

The marine service unit examines the vessel documents through the Asan Tejarat system.

  1. If the vessel documents are complete, then the request is sent to the NIOPDC system through the Asan Tejarat system.
  2. If the vessel documents are not complete, then the marine services unit returns the request to the shipping or contractor company which resends the request to the marine services unit after completing documents. Then the action will be taken in accordance with Clause 1.

If the vessel cannot dock in the NIOPDC dock due to a large draft, the fuel applicant must perform the following steps to use the refueling tanker and enter the port to refuel the ship:

  1. After receiving the fuel receipt and fuel loading in the NIOPDC with ground tanks, the fuel applicant must submit the request for entering a tanker to the port for refueling the ship to the Maritime Affairs unit.
  2. The Maritime Affairs unit sends the request to the marine guard to allow the ground tanker enter to the port yard.
  3. After seeing the confirmation, the port guard calls the fire department to send fire trucks to the gate; and prevents the entry of ground tankers to the port until the fire trucks arrive.
  4. The fire department sends fire trucks to the exit gate in order to escort ground tankers from the guard gates to the ship. Fire trucks must stay STBY besides the ship during the refueling process.
  5. The HSE unit regularly visits the port yards. If they observe unsafe situations during the refueling operation, they must inform the person in charge of loading and unloading operations.
  6. The person in charge of loading and unloading operations must immediately visit the scene and take measures to resolve unsafe situations. 

 

Water supply and its rate

Water supply to vessels

The shipping representative should declare the request for water services to ships represented by him with mentioning the amount of required water to the specialist in charge/specialist of marine operations.

Water services to:

-          Iranian-flagged ships

-          Foreign-flagged ships

To pay for the water required for the Iranian-flagged ships, the shipping representative must get the bank account number and the amount of fees from the marine operations unit and pay the price. For foreign-flagged vessels that have a request for water, the sufficient deposit for the request must be approved by the financial affairs.

Water services to the Iranian-flagged ships:

-          The shipping representative should submit the request for water service along with a copy of the bank receipt of the amount deposited to the Port Authority's account to the marine operations unit.

-          The marine operations unit must make arrangements with the water barge and traffic control of the port.

-          After water supply, the barge water staff must submit the receipt of water delivered to the ship to the marine operations unit.

-          Finally, the marine operations unit sends the receipt of water delivered to the ship to the financial unit.

Water services to foreign-flagged vessels:

-          The shipping representative should submit the water supply request approved by the financial unit to the marine operations unit.

-          The marine operations unit must make arrangements with the water barge and traffic control center of the port.

-          After water supply, the water barge personnel must submit the receipt of water delivered to the ship to the marine operations unit.

-          The marine operation unit should send the receipt of water delivered to the ship to the financial unit for registration in the ship statement form.

Note: If water supply is done out of the docks in the port for Iranian and foreign ships, the performance report of the water supply barge and tugs is sent by the marine operations unit to the financial unit.

Water pricing tariff

The water pricing tariff is calculated according to the following formula:

Shipping costs (harbor or dock) + water supply cost (tariff of the Bushehr Water and Sewerage Organization or desalination) = Water pricing tariff for Iranian ships

- Water pricing tariff for foreign ships is 50 percent higher than Iranian ships in foreign currency.

 

Providing logistics services

-          The shipping representative of the service-applicant vessel must submit a letter containing the request for the service vessels of the port such as tug or boat, to the marine operations unit (dock office).

-          Such a letter must be submitted by the marine operations unit to the financial unit for obtaining financial approval of the shipping representative company.

-          In the event of receiving approval from the financial unit, the marine operations unit must make arrangements with the port control to send a tug or boat.

-          The marine operations unit must confirm the performance report on the port service vessels received from the commander of the boat or tug and send it to the financial unit for billing.

-          Finally, the financial unit must issue an invoice for the service-applicant vessel according to the performance report and deliver it to the shipping representative company.

List of companies authorized to provide safety equipment and services:

  1. Darya Imen Company
  2. Setareh Sahabi Company
  3. Naji Sazan Pishro Company
  4. Iran Industrial and Engineering Services Company

List of institutions and companies authorized to issue a towage certificate:

  1. Asian Classification Institute
  2. Iranian Classification Institute
  3. Zharfa Lian Inspection Company 

Repair and welding

Minor engine repairs and welding of ship in the dock and harbor must be done after obtaining permission and observing the following:

The shipping representative must receive the request letter for minor ship repairs (engine or welding) along with the completed Immobilization Form from the captain and submit it to the head of Maritime Affairs in order to allow the start of minor ship repairs in the port.

According to the port situation, the head of Maritime Affairs must investigate the situation and either approve or disapprove the minor repairs of the ship.

In the case of approval of hot working operations or minor repairs of the ship engine in the port, the shipping representative must perform the following steps:

Minor repair to the ship engine: The Immobilization Form approved by the head of Maritime Affairs is given to the captain and then minor repairs to the ship engine are started. A copy certified by the captain must be delivered to the marine services unit.

Welding (hot work): The head of Maritime Affairs must refer the related request to the marine safety, protection and firefighting of the port in order to examine the safety requirements for welding.

Note: According to Clauses 4-9 of Part III of Chapter 4 "Vessel traffic administrative instructions," minor repairs and welding in the dock and inner harbor can be done in 

compliance with the following:

  1. A)     Minor repairs must be done in a way that vessels with a gross capacity of less than 500 tons can move up to 4 hours, and ships with a capacity of 500 tons can move up to 3 hours after the port notification with their driving force.
  2. B)     "Engine overhaul is forbidden."
  3. C)     The welding of ship hull and other components in the dock is allowed if firefighters are present with the required equipment.

How to hire service vessels and the related rates

Notice of departure

The departure notice form includes information about the ship.

-          The shipping representative must submit the said form via fax or e-mail, and it should contain the outgoing vessel features and the approximate finish time of loading and unloading to the control Secretariat.

Control Secretariat fax number: 2566458 (phone number for follow-up and receiving confirmation: 2566448)

Maritime Affairs email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

-          The said form is registered in the comprehensive marine system by the Control Secretariat and is sent to the financial unit, control and inspection of center ships, port affairs and ISPS for obtaining approvals.

-          After receiving the approvals in the comprehensive marine system, the shipping representative should refer to the marine services unit with the required documents to get the shifting permission.

Documents required for the shifting permission:

  1. Shifting permission of the previous port
  2. List of the ship crew on the fall form
  3. Cargo manifest (input and output) based on the fall form
  4. Shifting permission of customs
  5. A copy of the ship specs
  6. A copy of class certification
  7. A copy the ship registration certificate
  8. Extended towage license for the barge and tug is required in order to ensure the safety of towage operations by the tug and barge on the canal and sea.

Note: The shifting permit is valid within 5 days from the date of issue.

After completing the ship passing operations, the shipping representative should submit the issued shifting permit to the ship captain.

Once the ship representative declares readiness to undock and the dock operations office declares the end of loading and unloading operations, the expert responsible for marine operations must inform the port traffic control.

The port control must make arrangements with the expert in charge of pilotage to send a pilot and with the expert in charge of marine operations for the pilot boat, mooring boat and sailors.

The vessel undocking and departure is done by the port pilot. The sent pilot must disembark at the harbor and be transferred to the shore by the pilot boat.

Maximum 24 hours after the vessel departure from the port, its bill is issued by the marine services unit and sent to the financial unit. 

Marine units

Towage refers to a set of operations that the tug performs under the supervision of a pilot for docking and undocking of the ships.

Marine units, as a part of the Maritime Affairs, are located at the dock operations office (marine services unit). Their main activities and responsibilities include monitoring and control of activities and functions of tugs and pilot vessels and boats. The marine units of this administration participate in all operations, including docking and undocking, shifting, STS, SPM, and SBM operations.

Now, tugs and pilot and mooring boats of this administration are transferred to a private company which is responsible for navigation and maintenance of the service vessels of the port.

Duties and Responsibilities

-          Docking and undocking of vessels including commercial, passenger, etc.

-          Participation in marine firefighting operations

-          Participation in the relief and rescue operations

-          Transfer of pilots to ships

-          Transfer of the pass group of ships

-          Performing clearing operations and collecting oil and combating pollution at sea

-          Performing buoying operations and maintenance of navigational aid marks

-          Maritime patrol to control and protect the port's operational scope

To secure docking and docking operations, the General Directorate of Ports and Maritime of Bushehr Province (Maritime Affairs unit) always has sufficient number of tugs with capacity and power commensurate to the type of vessels entering the Bushehr Port (within the Service Fleet unit). This unit performs towage operations under management and administration of the marine unit.

Note: In addition to the above-mentioned vessels, the Dastan tug in Bushehr Port and Omidan I and Amvaj Karoon II and III tugs in Asalooye Port are hired. 

 

Maritime Communication Stations

For radio coverage of coastal waters of the province and providing maritime safety and security, the General Directorate of Ports and Maritime of Bushehr Province has started the establishment of coastal radio stations and maritime traffic control centers since 2001. Now, there are three maritime telecommunication stations called Deilam Control, Kharg control and Gonaveh Control in the northern part of the province, and four other stations in the southern part of province called Asalooye Control, Deir Control and Kangan Control along with two radio stations (Bushehr Radio and Bushehr control). They are providing a variety of radio services such as the coordination of search and rescue operations, receiving and broadcasting maritime safety messages, medical advice (telephone radio), broadcasting weather forecasts and warnings and maritime traffic control.

Coastal radio stations (Bushehr Radio) – Maritime Traffic Control Center (Bushehr Control)

Frequency plan of Bushehr Port

  Numbers in the Province column reflect the preferences of channels for that use.

  A 6-channel VHF band for coordinating search and rescue operations with dedicated flight units.

  Safety affairs, including operations related to hydrography, marine lighting and dredging.

  Electronic and repair workshop; if testing on other channels is necessary, minimal power and the Load Dummy device should be used.

  In Bushehr province, the Foroozan, Abouzar, Soroosh and Hendijan platforms and the SP9, E4, Alborz, Modarress, Movarab, and DD5 drilling rigs are operational.

  Only Asia Aram Company is licensed to operate in the marine frequency band of Bushehr Province.

  No shipping company and no company dependent on oil, gas and petrochemical industries is allowed to exclusively use marine channels without the approval of the Bureau of Maritime Affairs.

 

 

 

Telecommunications Equipment

VHF

It is a telecommunication device to connect with ships with short range, which includes radio frequency range between 156.0 and 162.025 MHz. The marine VHF combines a transmitter and a receiver and can be used only within internationally recognized standard frequencies. Its Channel 16 (156.800 MHz) is specific to calling and emergency situation. The transmission power ranges between 1 and 25 watts, the max optimal range is about 60 nautical miles (111 km) between the antennas mounted on tall ships and hills, and 5 nautical miles (9 km) between the antennas mounted on a small boat at sea level. Frequency modulation (FM) is a vertical pole. This means that the antenna must be mounted vertically.

HF

 It is another communication tool for ships and it has global radio coverage. In the event of disruption of satellite communication system for ships, it remains as the only communication channel with the beach. In accordance with the Safety of Lives at Sea (SOLAS) Convention, it must be installed on ships at coastal stations like NAVTEX.

LRIT

It is a communication tool which must be installed for the safety of vessels. This system allows for tracking and identification of long-range ships. The long-range tracking aims to increase the security of the government by receiving information about the location and specifications of the ships. This information will enable the government to assess the security risks created outside the coastal zone.

VTS

The development of ports and increasing maritime traffic and tonnage of ships increased the risk of ship collision, thus maritime safety and seawater health are seriously threatened. To prevent the risk of incidents such as collision with marine obstacles and drowning, ships require a dual system for monitoring and control of navigation to direct them at high risk and heavy traffic places. This system is called Vessel Traffic Services (VTS).

 

 

 

NAVTEX

This communication system was established in Bushehr Province for the first time in 1994, with the critical aim of servicing vessels in the Persian Gulf and the Sea of ​​Oman in line with international conventions. Using the international NAVTEX system, the marine communication station of the General Directorate of Ports and Maritime of Bushehr Province (Bushehr Radio) sends messages, containing weather information, notices of navigational aid marks, maritime operations and emergency reports for ships in the Persian Gulf. All these messages start with the name of PERSIAN GULF. Considering the dramatic increase in maritime traffic and efforts of the Persian Gulf states to use ARABIAN GULF in maritime messaging through their NAVTEX system, the international NAVTEX station of Bushehr has a great importance to the government of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

 

Currently the World Maritime Organization (IMO) has identified 16 marine areas for broadcasting NAVTEX messages. Iran is located in the IX area. This area includes the Persian Gulf, the Sea of ​​Oman and a part of the Indian Ocean. The PMO is in charge of maritime affairs in the country. In line with performing its government duties, it managed to receive the privilege of establishing two NAVTEX transmitter stations in Shahid Rajai and Bushehr in southern Iran. Nevertheless, broadcasting regular messages is also an important point. This requirement is in accordance with Clause 4 of the SOLAS Convention: GMDSS. This monitoring in the IX area is carried out by Pakistan. Obviously, any disruption to regular broadcast of messages cause prejudice to the marine dignity of the country and has irreparable consequences in the international community which cannot be justified by excuses such inter-organizational differences.

Many points should be noted in this section. In short, the most important ones are provided:

1.       The frequency range is 480-520 kHz which is considered the low frequency band and has huge impact on human body based on Faraday and Gauss rules. These effects are much more destructive than the frequency level of the VHF, UHF, HF antennas and mobile band, given the inverse relationship between frequency and wavelength.

2.       The modulation of waves is of amplitude modulation (AM) type. Given amplitude strengthening in this type of modulation, it will have huge amplitude impacts when transmitting.

3.       The allowable distance of the device is 100 meters according to its power (1000 W), related modulation and documentation. According to the UMNI DIRECTIONAL propagation of the antenna, a sphere with a radius of 100 meters is dangerous.

4.       The antenna length is 90 meters. It uses the LONG WIRE system to strengthen the signal. This increases the radius of hazard area 90 times.

5.       Flat areas are the best environment for propagation of transmitters.

6.       Among similar transmitters with minor differences, one can point to the transmitter of Radio Bushehr in the economic special zone (which has a free distance several times this value) and the transmitter of Civil Aviation.

7.       Based on the international conventions, the development of LRIT, VTS, HF and VHF systems is being pursued as relay stations given this location.

 

 

Pilotage and towage tariffs

According to Iranian Maritime Law and the administrative instructions for ship traffic, all vessels entering or leaving the port are required to take a pilot. Pilotage services to ships in the port are delivered 24/7 through the year.

According to Clause 23 of Chapter IV of Iranian Maritime Law (Volume I), pilots must drive and steer ships upon the request of the ship commander. In this case, the commander or his deputy must accompany the pilot. If the ship sustains any damage due to the pilot's command or the port facilities are damaged by the ship, the port authority will not be responsible in any way and the pilot is liable and will be sentenced to administrative penalties due to the negligence or recklessness or non-compliance of the port provisions.

Legal liability of the commander: According to Article 22 of Chapter IV of Iranian Maritime Law, "if the ship commander does not accept the pilot's warnings or ignores regulations concerning the port traffic and security, then the commander will be liable for any damage caused by his action and may also be condemned to the penalties stipulated in Article 64."

Navigation: According to Regulation A-VIII/49&50 of the STCW-95 Convention, the pilot presence on the ship will not disclaim the commander's responsibilities. Thus the commander and other members of the command bridge should take necessary measures for the exchange of information and cooperation with the pilot while performing duties set by the pilot regarding the safety of operations.

Compensation: According to Article 23 of Chapter IV of Iranian Maritime Law, the PMO will not be liable for accidents caused by the pilot.

Pilot's job descriptions in the port:

-          Guidance, docking and undocking of all ships without limitation (from the outer harbor to the dock and vice versa).

-          Communication with the ship commander for preparation of the ship for the pilot's boarding.

-          Providing needed reports about the state of the channel and dock to the ship commander.

-          Obtaining information on the technical condition and safety of the ship prior to arrival.

-          Selecting proper tugs for the ship and maintaining good communication with the commander during operations.

-          Making all necessary arrangements with the control and traffic center during pilotage operations.

-          Providing reports for navigational aid marks and waterway to the control center.

-          Use of navigational aid tools to guide the ship.

-          Anchoring and unanchoring of vessels 

Pilotage tariffs

According to Article 21 of Chapter IV of Iranian Maritime Law (Volume 1), pilotage fees are charged in accordance with the tariff determined for each port, and the port authority cannot charge fees more than the applicable tariff rate.

Fee: It is a tariff which is received for covering the costs of services provided for the ship and goods.

Port fees accrued on all ships are calculated and received in dollar and American cent for values less than one dollar based on the rate of Currency Exchange Center (act of meeting No. 1716, dated December 03, 2012).

According to Part A of Chapter 1 of the tariff manual for port rights, dues and fees accrued on ships, the pilotage fee include the following:

  1. Anchoring and unanchoring
  2. Ship guidance
  3. Docking and undocking

Pilotage fee in Bushehr Port is charged depending on the ship types, and Tables 1 and 3 in the tariff manual. The calculation is based on the vessel's GT.

Pilotage fee for container and ro/ro ships (Table 1): 8.71 C/GT

Pilotage fee for non-container and non-oil ships (Table 1): 17.42 C/GT

Pilotage fee for oil ships (Table 3): 40 C/GT

- Pilotage fee in non-office hours (from 3 to 7 pm) will increase by 10% and at night (from 7 pm o 7 am) and holidays, Thursdays and Fridays by 20%.

- Pilotage fee includes ship guidance, anchoring and unanchoring, docking and undocking. Therefore, if the ship is transferred from the inner harbor and docked at the request of the marine services company, shifting fee should be calculated and collected unless otherwise is set by administrative requirements. In case of towage operations, related cost is calculated and collected according to Table 4.

- According to Clause 4 of Table 1 of the tariff manual, no fee is charged to transfer the pilot to the ship and vessel for the services of vessels (pilot, boat, tug, etc.).

- Shifting cost in the dock is 7.26 cents with the pilot per GT and 3 cents per GT with ropes. In the case of towage, its fee is calculated and collected based on Table 1. If the shifting operation is done based on administrative requirements, no cost will be charged.

- The absence of pilot on passenger ships (excluding cargo-passenger ships) and services vessels such as tugs, dredgers, oil pollution collection vessels, fuel and water vessels is allowed only if one of the following conditions exists, provided that the relevant shipping companies accept all responsibilities and it has been previously arranged with the control tower. For this type of vessels, pilotage fees will not be calculated:

  1. The vessel is owned or leased by government organizations or private sector (regardless of nationality).
  2. The vessel provides services within the outer harbors.
  3. The vessel has at least 3 trips to the port within 6 months.
  4. The vessel has an Iranian commander.
  5. The vessel commander wants to enter the port without a pilot.

According to the tariff manual, port costs accrued on ships include:

  1. Pilotage cost
  2. Dredging cost
  3. Cost of stoppage by the dock
  4. Towage cost
  5. Cost of garbage collection for the vessel
  6. Cost of collecting bilge
  7. Demand (overtime)

Note: The above items are related to the costs, rights and duties of the ship including the fee of entering the port openings, the fee of entering the port, the fee of loading and unloading at the dock, the fee of loading and unloading at the harbor and the lighthouse fees.

Cost: A tariff that is received to cover the costs of providing goods and services to the ship.

Port costs accrued on all ships are calculated and collected in USD (in cents for values less than one dollar) based on the rate of Currency Exchange Center (act of meeting No. 1716, dated December 03, 2012).

Towage fees are calculated according to Tables 1 to 5 of the tariff manual for the ships which is based on the vessel's GT.

-          Towage cost for container and ro/ro ships: 15.84 C/GT

-          Towage cost for non-container/non-oil ships: 26.4 C/GT

-          Towage cost for passenger and cargo-passenger ships: 15.4 C/GT

-          Towage cost for oil/non-oil tankers is calculated according to Table 4 of the tariff manual. 

Towage Tariff

Description on towage tariff

- Type and number of tugs and hours used for docking and undocking are not involved in the said tariff.

- Towage cost in the docking and undocking operations of the vessel includes the pilotage cost. Even if a tug is not used in the pilotage operations for docking and undocking, towage costs will be calculated and collected.

- If the ship lacks driving force, the towage costs increases by 100 percent.

- Even if a tug is not used in the pilotage operations for docking and undocking, towage costs will be calculated and collected.

- Towage costs for operations other than docking and undocking are separately charged based on the hourly rental rate of marine equipment.

Hourly rental rate of marine equipment:

Hourly rental rate of marine equipment for operations other than docking and undocking are calculated and charged based on agreed rates.

 

The dock, canal and harbor characteristics

The Dredging project of Bushehr

The implementation of this project was started by the Dutch company Royal Boskalis Westminster, the foreign partner which won the bid of the development plan of Bushehr Port (Hamoon) on March 2007 and ended on July 2008. In the project, with a budget of more than $ 40 million, 13.5 million cubic meters of mud was removed from the floor and walls of the outer channel, inner channel and the depth of multifunctional docks in the port, the container dock (NO. 2 and 3), the special dock for petroleum products (NO. 1) and the dock of dhow engines (No. 7). At the end of dredging operations, the access channel depth of Bushehr Port increased from 6.5 to 10.8 m (outer channels) and to 10.3 m (inner channel). Moreover, the floor width of outer channel and inner channel increased to 150 m and 140 m, respectively. In addition, the new rotation pool was constructed with a diameter of 400 m and a depth of 10 m. The axial radius of channel turn was also widened to 800 m.

The characteristics of the port harbors

The location of the port harbor

The characteristics of the port access channel

The characteristics of the ship rotation pool 

Regional and international conventions

  Kuwait Regional Convention (cooperation on the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment and Coastal Areas against Pollution)

  Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution arising from the Disposal of Wastes and Other Subtances (LC 1972)

  Convention on the Open Waters Intervention in the case of Oil Pollution Incidents (INTERVENTION 1969)

  International Convention on Preparedness, Response and Cooperation against Oil Pollution (OPRC 1990)

  International Convention for Safe Containers (CSC 1972)

  International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 1973/78)

  The 1992 Protocol to the International Convention on Civil Liability caused by Oil Pollution Damage (CLC PROT 1992)

  The 1992 Protocol to the International Convention on the Establishment of an International Fund for Compensation for Oil Pollution Damage (FUND PROT 1992)

  The Protocol on the Preparedness, Response and Cooperation against Pollution Incidents caused by Hazardous and Toxic Substances (OPRC/HNS 2000)

  Convention on the Control of Harmful Anti-moss Systems on Ships (AFS 2001)

  Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage (BUNKERS 2001)

  Convention on the Control and Management of Ships Ballast Water and Sediments (BWM 2004)

  Nairobi Convention on the Transfer of Wrecks (NAIROBI WR 2007)

Navigational aid marks

The General Directorate of Ports and Maritime of Bushehr Port is responsible for servicing and keeping operational of more than 90 coastal lighthouses, beacons, buoys and light boats in the beaches and coastal waters in Bushehr Port. These devices are commonly called navigational aid marks and are divided into three areas: northern, central and southern. The northern area includes navigational aid marks in beaches and coastal waters of the Deilam, Gonaveh, Rigg and Kharg Island ports. The central area includes navigational aid marks in Bushehr Port, and the southern area includes navigational aid marks in the beaches and coastal waters to the south of Bushehr Port to Naiband area. The navigational aid marks services are performed regularly based on specified schedules in all areas so that the marks are kept on as much as possible. The maintenance for marks located on the beach are done using related vehicles and personnel, and the maintenance of sea marks are done using the buoy laying barge Morad 4. They are replaced, as required, using the buoy laying ship Mehr which is located at Bandar Imam Khomeini.

All the rules for marine lights have been adopted from the International Association of Marine Lights (IALA) rules which are approved by the IMO. Countries acceding to this convention are required to enforce these rules. Accordingly, all of the maritime areas in the world are divided into two regions: A and B. Each country sets, registers and declares its navigational aid marks for vessel direction according to one of the two areas. The two regions A and B have common rules except in lateral marks.

 Navigational aid marks are divided into 6 categories:

  1. Lateral marks
  2. Cardinal marks
  3. Isolated danger marks
  4. Safe water marks
  5. Special marks
  6. Emergency wreck marking

Lateral marks: These marks are used to specify the scope of channels and waterways to enter ports. In waterways of Area A, such as Iran, when entering the port, you will see red lateral marks on your left and green lateral marks on your right. Obviously this will reverse when departing the port.

Cardinal marks: These marks are used to specify the safe path at sea. They are divided into four categories: North, South, East and West. Each of these cardinal marks specifies a safe path for sailing. For example, if a vessel sees a west cardinal in its path, it must select its path so that it passes from the west of cardinal mark.

Isolated danger marks: These marks are used when a spot of sea is considered unsafe for seafaring because of, for example, a sunken vessel or a shallow spot, in which case the vessel must avoid that spot and continue its path from any side of the mark at a safe distance.

Safe water marks: This mark is usually seen in the harbor near any port and represents a safe zone in the area. Vessels can pass from each of the four sides of the mark.

Special marks: If an area of the sea is limited for a certain purpose and vessels are not allowed to sail in that area, this mark is used. For example, an area is limited for military exercises and it is communicated to vessels, in which case they should avoid navigation in that area.

Emergency wreck marking: This mark is used when a vessel has just been sunken and has not yet been registered in marine maps. In other words, this mark is used to quickly show the sinking location of a vessel to passing vessels, until the exact location of the sunken vessel, the depth of water above the danger point and the mark are determined.

To show navigational aid marks at the desired points, specific structures are used such as:

-          Some of these marks are floating which become fixed at sea by chains and one or more weights. They are called buoy.

-          Some of these marks become fixed on the seabed which is shallow, or near the beach. They are called bacon.

-          Another kind of these structures is located on the sidelines of beaches which become fixed by one or more bases like bacons. They are larger and taller than bacons. These structures come in various forms, such as tower light house which are called lighthouse.

-          Where the use of buoys is not appropriate due to the distance from the beach and the depth of sea and more focal height is needed, larger vessels are used for navigational aid marks such as LIGHT BOAT and LIGHT VESSEL which are called light boat. Like buoys, light boats become fixed by a chain and anchor.

All these structures use characteristics such as color and day mark in the daylight, light color and the number of on/off for its light (light character) in a period of time in the darkness, to represent a particular type of navigational aid marks and communicate to sailors.

Identifying navigational aid marks for Area A

  1. Lateral Marks
  2. a)      Right of the channel:

-          Mark color: green

-          Day mark: green cone with its apex at the top

-          Light color: green

-          Light character: intermittent single double or flashes

 

  1. b)     Left of the channel: 

-          Mark color: red

-          Day mark: red cylinder that is mounted vertically

-          Light color: red

-          Light character: intermittent single double or flashes

  1. Cardinal Marks
  2. a)      Northern cardinal:

- Mark color: its top is black and its bottom is yellow

- Day mark: two black cones, one on top of the other, headed upward

- Light color: white

- Lights character: fast or very fast flashes

  1. b)     South cardinal:

- Mark color: its top is yellow and its bottom is black

- Day mark: two black cones, one on top of the other, headed downward

- Light color: white

- Lights character: 6 very fast flashes and one long flash in 10 seconds or 6 very fast flashes and one long flash in 15 seconds

 

 

  1. c)       Eastern cardinal:

- Mark color: top and bottom are black and middle is yellow

- Day mark: two black cones, connected from the base, mounted vertically

- Light color: white

- Lights character: 3 very fast flashes in 5 seconds or 3 very fast flashes in 10 seconds

 

  1. d)      West cardinal:

- Mark color: top and bottom are yellow and middle is black

- Day mark: two black cones, connected from the top, mounted vertically

- Light color: white

- Lights character: 9 very fast flashes in 10 seconds or 9 very fast flashes in 15 seconds

 

  1. Isolated Danger Marks:

- Mark color: red and black horizontal stripes

- Day mark: two black spheres, one on the other

- Light color: white

- Lights character: dual flash group

 

  1.  Safe waters marks:

- Mark color: red and white vertical stripes

- Day mark: one red sphere

- Light color: white

- Lights character: A long flash in 10 seconds (LFL 10s)

 

  1.  Special marks:

- Mark color: yellow

- Day mark: X, which can be seen the same from the four sides

- Light color: yellow

- Lights character: Any flash except for aforementioned marks that do not confuse seafarers

  1. Emergency wreck marking:

- Mark color: blue and yellow vertical stripes

- Day mark: a yellow cross mounted vertically

- Light color: yellow and blue

- Lights character: a yellow flash and a blue flash in 3 seconds

Racon: It is an electronic device used as a navigational aid mark. In normal situations, it is in standby mode but as soon as it receives radar signals of a vessel, it sends marks as Morse code that is visible on the plan position indicator (PPI).

All navigational aid marks with some important features for seafarers such as light range, light character and mark type, are recorded on marine maps and are used by seafarers.

According to the notice of PMO for inserting a 14-character code on all floating navigational aid marks such as buoys, the first encoded buoy of Bushehr Port was deployed in April 2009 in the harbor of Asalooye Port. According to this principle, it is expected that, by the end of 2012, the codes are inserted on all floating navigational aid marks. The coding is important for two reasons: first, it determine the buoy ownership (PMO or other government agencies or private companies). Second, if a missed buoy is found, one can easily identify the port to which it belongs through this code. Thus if the dear sailors see drifting buoys with the following example codes, they must notify its location to the General Directorate of Ports and Maritime of the province or subsidiary ports.

An example of a code inserted on buoys

* BUZ is the abbreviation of Bushehr Port.

 

 

Berths

 

 

 

 

NO of Berths

Description

Length(m)

Depth(m)

Draft(m)

DWT(tons)

1

Liquid Bulk

250

11

8.5

 25000

2

Reefer & Container

194

12

9

 30000

3

Reefer & Container

194

12

9

 30000

4

Reefer & general cargo

 174

9.5

8.5

 15000

 5

Reefer & general cargo

 174

9.5

8.5

 15000

 6

Reefer & general cargo

 155

9.5

8.5

 15000

 7

General cargo(Dhow)

 286

4.5

4

 500

 8

General cargo

 103

8

7.5

 5000

 9

General cargo

 103

8

7.5

 5000

 10

General cargo

 103

7

6.5

 5000

 11

General cargo

 103

7

6.5

 5000

 12

General cargo

 103

7

6.5

 5000

 13

General cargo

 103

7

6.5

 5000

 14

Ro-Ro

 70

4.5

4

5000

15

Services

115

4.5

4

-

Total

                                               2230

     
             

 

 

Warehouses

NO

 

Surface

(Square meters)

Length(m)

Width(m)

Height(m)

1

 3294

 103

 30.5

8.5

2

3057

100

30.5

 8.5

3

 3057

100

 30.5

8.5

4

 3299

100

 30.5

 8.5

5

 4037

133

 30

7.9

6

 4037

 108

 30

 7.5

7

 3668

 120

 30

 7

8

 7284

 120

 60

 6.6

Total

31733   

 

Covered warehouses 

31,733  square meters  

Open Yard

64,761  square meters  

Land for container yard 

13       Hectares

Port Area

50        Hectares

 

Port Equipment

NO

Description

Unit

Capacity/power

1

Mobile Crane

17

16-120 tons

2

Reach Stacker

6

45 tons

3

Lift Truck

26

1-20 tons

4

Top lift Truck

2

15 tons

5

Trailers

27

24 tons

6

Trucks for car handling

2

24 tons

7

Trucks for heavy lift cargoes

1

20 tons

8

Grab

3

-

9

Spreader

4

-

10

Cone

4

-

11

TM stacker

3

-

 

 

Marine Equipment

NO

Description

Unit

1

Tugboat

7

2

Dredger

4

3

Multi cat

4

4

SAR Boat

3

5

Barge

7

6

Boat

5

 

Coordinates of the four corners of Anchorage

 

27 49.40 N

052 03.40 E

27 49.40 N

052 02.40 E

27 48.40 N

052 03.40 E

27 48.40 N

052 02.40 E

 

 

References:

http://bushehrport.pmo.ir/en/home

 

 

Tehran Office

Blue Ocean Shipping Co., Ltd.

No 16 - Fifth Avenue,

Shahid Saboonchi,

Shahid Beheshti,

Tehran, 1533684753   

Iran.

 Tel:   +9821   8875 5356   -  8874 4051

Fax:  +9821   8874 8223   -  8874 3364

 

Shipping agency offices

Shipping agency offices

Anzali office             +9821 8875 5356

Amir Abad Office      +9821 8875 0592

Nowshahr Office       +9821 8875 8248

Bandar Bushehr Office  +9821 8873 5514

Bandar Asaluye Office  +9821 8854 3230

Bandar Abbas Office    +9821 8874 8224

B.I.K  Office               +9821 8875 6606

 

Mailbox: 43145-1147

Anzali grain terminal

 Anzali grain terminal    

  Commercial Jetty No.9,

 Anzali Free Trade and Industrial Zone,

 Port of Anzali, Gilan Province